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Pediatric scoliosis surgery - is postoperative intensive care unit admission really necessary?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23279112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: It is common practice for patients to be admitted to the intensive care unit following scoliosis surgery, because of the prolonged anesthesia, the need for efficient pain control and the known immediate postoperative complications. However, this may be unnecessary in many patients. PURPOSE: We aimed to establish possible associations between pre- and perioperative parameters and early postoperative complication rates, in particular the need for prolonged mechanical ventilation (>1 day), and the presence of major complications in children undergoing primary spinal fusion by thoracolumbar spine instrumentation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of children undergoing primary scoliosis surgery at a university-affiliated general hospital from 1998 to 2008. RESULTS: Surgical approaches were as follows: anterior spinal fusion, posterior spinal fusion, and combined anterior and posterior fusion. Prior to mid-2005, anesthesia included morphine; thereafter, remifentanil was used. Major complications correlated significantly with neuromuscular scoliosis (NMS) (OR, 4.94; 95% CI, 1.02-24.05), comorbidity conditions (OR, 3.47; 95% CI, 1.16-10.42), and anterior or combined fusion (OR, 7.81; 95% CI, 2.12-28.57). Late extubation correlated significantly with NMS (OR, 31.25; 95% CI, 1.06-100.00) and morphine use during anesthesia (OR, 17.91; 95% CI, 1.44-222.9). CONCLUSIONS: Relatively young, healthy idiopathic scoliosis children receiving intraoperative remifentanil sedation and undergoing posterior fusion can be successfully managed in regular wards in the immediate postoperative period. However, intensive care unit admission should be considered in NMS patients, patients with comorbidity conditions, those undergoing anterior or combined spinal fusion, and patients whose anesthesia involves long-acting opioids.
Authors:
Ibrahim Abu-Kishk; Eran Kozer; Roei Hod-Feins; Yoram Anekstein; Yigal Mirovsky; Baruch Klin; Gideon Eshel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Anaesth     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Pediatric Division, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel; The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
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