Document Detail

Pediatric pain assessment: trends and research directions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2604928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A number of methodologies to assess pain in children are available. These are analyzed from both a clinical and a research standpoint. Research related to factors influencing the response to pain, including age, developmental stage, gender, culture, prior experience, anxiety level, the painful stimulus, and the role of significant others, are reviewed. A range of pain assessment instruments are presented with consideration given to the indications for use, issues of reliability and validity, and practical concerns. The need for further research is defined, particularly in regard to children of ethnically diverse populations.
J Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1043-4542     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Oncol Nurs     Publication Date:  1989 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-02-22     Completed Date:  1990-02-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8917825     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Oncol Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-85     Citation Subset:  N    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Nursing Assessment*
Pain / psychology
Pain Measurement*
Self Assessment (Psychology)
Sex Factors

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