Document Detail

Pediatric intracranial aneurysms: an institutional experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18480618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial aneurysms are extremely uncommon in the pediatric population. Their epidemiology is poorly understood, and certain features make them unique. In our study we analyzed pediatric intracranial aneurysm patients to gain an insight into the epidemiology, clinicoradiological profile and outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Out of 36 children (< or =18 years of age; male:female ratio = 1.076:1; mean age 13.19 +/- 3.72 years, age range 5-18 years) presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH; n = 33; 91.67%) and mass effect (n = 3; 8.33%), 27 who were positive on digital subtraction angiography and treated for intracranial aneurysms between January 1991 and February 2007 were included in this study. RESULTS: At presentation, the majority (n = 21) of the pediatric intracranial patients showed a good grade, and 23 (85.18%) presented with SAH. Sudden severe headache (n = 19; 70.37%) and loss of consciousness (n = 14; 51.85%) were the most common symptoms, and meningeal signs (n = 18; 66.66%) most commonly elicitable. There were 7 patients with giant aneurysms and 8 patients with posterior circulation aneurysms. Internal carotid artery (ICA) bifurcations (n = 6; 18.18%) followed by middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcations (n = 4; 12.12%) were the most common sites. At a mean follow-up of 18.67 +/- 10.85 months (range 1-42 months), there were 21 (77.77%) patients with favorable outcome and 3 patients died. CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial aneurysms in children commonly present with SAH; there is a male predominance, and ICA bifurcations followed by MCA bifurcations are the most common sites. The incidence of posterior circulation aneurysms and giant aneurysms is higher as compared to adults. The pediatric patients present with better grades and have better overall surgical results.
Vivek Kumar Vaid; Raj Kumar; Samir Kumar Kalra; Ashok Kumar Mahapatra; Vijendra Kumar Jain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-05-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurosurgery     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1423-0305     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-02     Completed Date:  2008-09-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114967     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurosurg     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  296-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
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MeSH Terms
Intracranial Aneurysm* / diagnosis,  pathology,  surgery

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