Document Detail

Pediatric focal epilepsy syndromes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23027100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
SUMMARY:: Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, early-onset childhood occipital epilepsy (Panayiotopoulos syndrome [PS]) and late-onset childhood occipital epilepsy (Gastaut type [LOCE-G]) are the principal pediatric focal epilepsy syndromes. They share major common characteristics: the appearance and resolution of electroclinical features are age related, there is a strong genetic predisposition, the clinical course is often mild with infrequent and easy to control seizures, interictal epileptiform activity is disproportionately abundant when compared with the clinical correlate, and tends to potentiate and generalize during sleep. In this review, we outline the relevant pathophysiology underlying this electroclinical spectrum. Then, the initial description of individual syndromes is followed by a summary of overlapping features and intermediate presentations that question the boundaries between these entities and provide the basis for the concept of a childhood seizure susceptibility syndrome. Additionally, we outline the main features of the related epileptic encephalopathies. An outlook on potential future lines of research completes this review.
Iván Sánchez Fernández; Tobias Loddenkemper
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1537-1603     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Neurophysiol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506708     Medline TA:  J Clin Neurophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
*Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. †Department of Child Neurology, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
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