Document Detail


Peak oxygen intake and hypoxia: influence of physical fitness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3182158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eight men and eight women each performed peak oxygen intake tests on a cycle ergometer breathing ambient air and a mixture of 12% oxygen in nitrogen (equivalent to an altitude of 4400 m) in the two experiments. Hypoxia induced an average 28% decrease of peak oxygen intake, with a somewhat smaller decrease of power output. There were also small decreases in peak heart rate, peak blood pressure, peak ventilation, and peak blood lactate concentration. The major part of the impairment in oxygen transport was due to a reduction of arterial oxygen saturation, with small contributions from the decrease in heart rate and the decrease of ventilation. Subjects in good physical condition suffered a larger decrement of oxygen transport than their more sedentary colleagues, probably due to an unfavorable ratio of peak diffusing capacity to peak cardiac output. However, in the short term, this handicap could be countered by hyperventilation, and such a tactic could probably improve athletic performance over moderate distances.
Authors:
R J Shephard; E Bouhlel; H Vandewalle; H Monod
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1988 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-07     Completed Date:  1988-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-83     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Physiologie du Travail (CNRS), CHU Pitié-Salpetrière, Paris.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anoxia* / blood,  physiopathology
Body Composition
Exercise*
Fatigue / blood
Female
Humans
Lactates / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Fitness*
Respiration
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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