Document Detail


Peak oil, food systems, and public health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21778492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Peak oil is the phenomenon whereby global oil supplies will peak, then decline, with extraction growing increasingly costly. Today's globalized industrial food system depends on oil for fueling farm machinery, producing pesticides, and transporting goods. Biofuels production links oil prices to food prices. We examined food system vulnerability to rising oil prices and the public health consequences. In the short term, high food prices harm food security and equity. Over time, high prices will force the entire food system to adapt. Strong preparation and advance investment may mitigate the extent of dislocation and hunger. Certain social and policy changes could smooth adaptation; public health has an essential role in promoting a proactive, smart, and equitable transition that increases resilience and enables adequate food for all.
Authors:
Roni A Neff; Cindy L Parker; Frederick L Kirschenmann; Jennifer Tinch; Robert S Lawrence
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-07-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-11     Completed Date:  2011-10-06     Revised Date:  2013-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1587-97     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Center for a Livable Future, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. rneff@jhsph.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Food Supply*
Humans
Petroleum / supply & distribution*
Policy
Public Health*
Transportation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Petroleum
Comments/Corrections

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