Document Detail

Pax7 Expressing Cells Contribute to Dermal Wound Repair; Regulating Scar Size Through a β-Catenin Mediated Process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21739529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
During skin wound healing, fibroblast like cells reconstitute the dermal compartment of the repaired skin filling the wound gap. A subset of these cells are transcriptionally active for β-catenin/TCF signaling during the proliferative phase of the repair process, and β-catenin levels control the size of the scar that ultimately forms by regulating the number of dermal fibroblasts. Here we performed cell lineage studies to reveal a source of the dermal cells in which β-catenin signaling is activated during wound repair. Using a reporter mouse, we found that cells in the early wound in which TCF dependent transcription is activated express genes involved in muscle development. Using mice in which cells express Pax7 (muscle progenitors) or Mck (differentiated myocytes) are permanently labelled, we showed that one quarter of dermal cells in the healing wound are Pax7 expressing progeny, but none are Mck progeny. Removing one allele of β-catenin in Pax7 expressing progeny resulted in a significantly smaller scar size with fewer Pax7 expressing progeny cell contributing to wound repair. During wound healing, β-catenin activation causes muscle satellite cells to adopt a fibrotic phenotype and this is a source of dermal cells in the repair process.
Saeid Amini-Nik; Dylan Glancy; Corey Boimer; Heather Whetstone; Charles Keller; Benjamin A Alman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1549-4918     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304532     Medline TA:  Stem Cells     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 AlphaMed Press.
Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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