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Patterns of thyroid cancer in Southwestern Saudi Arabia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21063655     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the pattern of thyroid cancer, assess the magnitude of the problem, and evolve a management plan for such malignancies.
METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all thyroid cases operated at Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between January 1998 and December 2007. Clinical presentations, management regimens, and recurrence were reviewed.
RESULTS: Five hundred and sixteen patients were operated for different thyroid lesions. Ninety-two (17.8%) were malignant (20 males and 72 females). Mean age for males was 41.35 +/- 15.52 years compared to 36.59 +/- 13.28 years for females. Papillary carcinoma constituted 50%, while follicular carcinoma formed only 4.3% of malignant cases. Lymphoma ranked third with only 1.1% of all malignant thyroid lesions. No cases of medullary carcinoma were found. Of 92 patients, 75 reported for follow-up. The recurrence rate for follow-up patients was 29 (31.5%).
CONCLUSION: High resolution neck ultrasonography and image-guided fine needle aspiration cytology should be considered as routine investigative tools in patients with suspicious thyroid swelling. Total thyroidectomy and removal of all lymph nodes in the central compartment of the neck seem to be the ideal management plan, until such trials emerge. Residual thyroid tissues, following surgery, should be ablated using radioiodine I131 isotope.
Authors:
Abdullah A Refeidi; Gharamah Y Al-Shehri; Ali M Al-Ahmary; Mohammed I Tahtouh; Saeed A Alsareii; Ali G Al-Ghamdi; Ahmed A Mahfouz; Saeed A Abu-Eshy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Saudi medical journal     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0379-5284     ISO Abbreviation:  Saudi Med J     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909441     Medline TA:  Saudi Med J     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1238-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. refeidi@yahoo.com
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