Document Detail

Patterns of temperament and character in a clinical sample of Korean children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18412837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to assess patterns of temperament and character in a clinical sample of Korean children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to investigate the relationship between patterns of temperament and character and the severity of ADHD symptoms.
METHODS: Fifty-one children who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD and 51 age- and sex-matched healthy comparison subjects completed the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory (JTCI) and the DuPaul's ADHD Rating Scale (ARS-IV).
RESULTS: Children with ADHD had significantly higher scores of Novelty Seeking and lower scores of Self-directedness in both parents' rating and children's self-rating. In addition, low Self-directedness scores predicted higher total scores of ARS-IV.
CONCLUSIONS: In a clinical sample of Korean children with ADHD, a distinct pattern of temperament and character was found. The current findings suggest that low Self-directedness may be related to the severity of ADHD symptoms.
Soo-Churl Cho; Jun-Won Hwang; In-Kyoon Lyoo; Hee-Jung Yoo; Boong-Nyun Kin; Jae-Won Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1440-1819     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-16     Completed Date:  2008-07-22     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513551     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Clin Neurosci     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  160-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis,  psychology*
Cooperative Behavior
Exploratory Behavior
Internal-External Control
Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Statistics as Topic

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