Document Detail


Patterns of sustained attention in infancy shape the developmental trajectory of social behavior from toddlerhood through adolescence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20873921     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study examined the relations between individual differences in sustained attention in infancy, the temperamental trait behavioral inhibition in childhood, and social behavior in adolescence. The authors assessed 9-month-old infants using an interrupted-stimulus attention paradigm. Behavioral inhibition was subsequently assessed in the laboratory at 14 months, 24 months, 4 years, and 7 years. At age 14 years, adolescents acted out social scenarios in the presence of an unfamiliar peer as observers rated levels of social discomfort. Relative to infants with high levels of sustained attention, infants with low levels of sustained attention showed increasing behavioral inhibition throughout early childhood. Sustained attention also moderated the relation between childhood behavioral inhibition and adolescent social discomfort, such that initial levels of inhibition at 14 months predicted later adolescent social difficulties only for participants with low levels of sustained attention in infancy. These findings suggest that early individual differences in attention shape how children respond to their social environments, potentially via attention's gate-keeping role in framing a child's environment for processing.
Authors:
Koraly Pérez-Edgar; Jennifer N Martin McDermott; Katherine Korelitz; Kathryn A Degnan; Timothy W Curby; Daniel S Pine; Nathan A Fox
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-09     Completed Date:  2011-03-22     Revised Date:  2013-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1723-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA. kperezed@gmu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Attention*
Child
Child Psychology*
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Individuality
Infant
Inhibition (Psychology)
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Peer Group
Personality Assessment
Social Behavior*
Social Environment
Temperament*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD17899/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K01 MH073569/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH073569/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH074454/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R37 HD017899/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U01 MH074454/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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