Document Detail

Patterns of plant subcellular responses to successful oomycete infections reveal differences in host cell reprogramming and endocytic trafficking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22233428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Adapted filamentous pathogens such as the oomycetes Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis (Hpa) and Phytophthora infestans (Pi) project specialized hyphae, the haustoria, inside living host cells for the suppression of host defense and acquisition of nutrients. Accommodation of haustoria requires reorganization of the host cell and the biogenesis of a novel host cell membrane, the extrahaustorial membrane (EHM), which envelops the haustorium separating the host cell from the pathogen. Here, we applied live-cell imaging of fluorescent-tagged proteins labeling a variety of membrane compartments and investigated the subcellular changes associated with accommodating oomycete haustoria in Arabidopsis and N. benthamiana. Plasma membrane-resident proteins differentially localized to the EHM. Likewise, secretory vesicles and endosomal compartments surrounded Hpa and Pi haustoria revealing differences between these two oomycetes, and suggesting a role for vesicle trafficking pathways for the pathogen-controlled biogenesis of the EHM. The latter is supported by enhanced susceptibility of mutants in endosome-mediated trafficking regulators. These observations point at host subcellular defenses and specialization of the EHM in a pathogen-specific manner. Defense-associated haustorial encasements, a double-layered membrane that grows around mature haustoria, were frequently observed in Hpa interactions. Intriguingly, all tested plant proteins accumulated at Hpa haustorial encasements suggesting the general recruitment of default vesicle trafficking pathways to defend pathogen access. Altogether, our results show common requirements of subcellular changes associated with oomycete biotrophy, and highlight differences between two oomycete pathogens in reprogramming host cell vesicle trafficking for haustoria accommodation. This provides a framework for further dissection of the pathogen-triggered reprogramming of host subcellular changes.
Yi-Ju Lu; Sebastian Schornack; Thomas Spallek; Niko Geldner; Joanne Chory; Swen Schellmann; Karin Schumacher; Sophien Kamoun; Silke Robatzek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cellular microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1462-5822     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883691     Medline TA:  Cell Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Max-Planck-Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl-von-Linné-Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, Germany The Sainsbury Laboratory, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA Botanical Institute, Biocenter Cologne, Zülpicher Strasse 47b, Cologne, Germany Plant Cell Biology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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