Document Detail

Patterns of food and nutrient consumption in northern Iran, a high-risk area for esophageal cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19838919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Our objectives were to investigate patterns of food and nutrient consumption in Golestan province, a high-incidence area for esophageal cancer (EC) in northern Iran. Twelve 24-h dietary recalls were administered during a 1-yr period to 131 healthy participants in a pilot cohort study. We compare here nutrient intake in Golestan with recommended daily allowances (RDAs) and lowest threshold intakes (LTIs). We also compare the intake of 27 food groups and nutrients among several population subgroups using mean values from the 12 recalls. Rural women had a very low level of vitamin intake, which was even lower than LTIs (P < 0.01). Daily intake of vitamins A and C was lower than LTI in 67% and 73% of rural women, respectively. Among rural men, the vitamin intakes were not significantly different from LTIs. Among urban women, the vitamin intakes were significantly lower than RDAs but were significantly higher than LTIs. Among urban men, the intakes were not significantly different from RDAs. Compared to urban dwellers, intake of most food groups and nutrients, including vitamins, was significantly lower among rural dwellers. In terms of vitamin intake, no significant difference was observed between Turkmen and non-Turkmen ethnics. The severe deficiency in vitamin intake among women and rural dwellers and marked differences in nutrient intake between rural and urban dwellers may contribute to the observed epidemiological pattern of EC in Golestan, with high incidence rates among women and people with low socioeconomic status and the highest incidence rate among rural women.
Farhad Islami; Akbar Fazeltabar Malekshah; Masoud Kimiagar; Akram Pourshams; Jon Wakefield; Goharshad Goglani; Nasser Rakhshani; Dariush Nasrollahzadeh; Rasoul Salahi; Shahryar Semnani; Mitra Saadatian-Elahi; Christian C Abnet; Farin Kamangar; Sanford M Dawsey; Paul Brennan; Paolo Boffetta; Reza Malekzadeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition and cancer     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1532-7914     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Cancer     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-19     Completed Date:  2009-11-30     Revised Date:  2013-05-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905040     Medline TA:  Nutr Cancer     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  475-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Digestive Disease Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Diet Surveys
Esophageal Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Iran / epidemiology
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Status* / ethnology
Pilot Projects
Rural Population
Sex Characteristics
Social Class
Urban Population
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:

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