Document Detail

Patterns of dynamic urban population growth in Russia, 1989-1996: a research report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12292848     Owner:  PIP     Status:  MEDLINE    
"The purpose of this paper is to investigate locations in which rapid urban growth occurred in Russia over the period 1989 to 1996....Particular emphasis will be given to the geographical patterns, economic functions, and population size of rapidly growing towns. In addition, the discussion of trends for 1989-1996 also will be briefly preceded by and compared to those of 1979-1989, although the paper will emphasize trends during the 1990s. Furthermore, the topic of ¿new towns', which themselves often are rapidly growing centers, will be addressed as well."
This study analyzes the development of new towns in the former Soviet Union and specific locations of rapid urban growth during 1989-96 and compares trends to those during 1979-89. Rapidly growing towns (RGTs) are defined as towns that increased their population by 10%, which translates to an average annual growth rate of 1.41%. 284 towns were thus identified during 1989-96. Prior to 1989, new towns were identified based on growth of over 50%. During 1979-89, 837 RGTs were identified by the 10% definition, of which only 17.8% retained this status during 1989-96. RGTs during 1989-96 that were granted official urban status accounted for 89 new urban centers. 40 of these new towns were military/industrial complexes (MICs). Urbanization in Russia increased during the 1970s and 1980s and then sharply declined during the 1990s. Almost 33% of RGTs during 1979-89 lost population during 1989-96. 44.6% of the total number of towns lost population during the early 1990s. The number of declining towns was 5 times the number of RGTs (284). 67.3% of the RGTs of 1989-96 showed signs of "dynamism" during the 1980s. The location of RGTs shifted from the more remote northern and eastern regions and industrial centers to the more interior central and southern regions. 58.5% of all new towns during 1989-96 were in the North Caucasus, Volga, and Urals economic regions. A large share (36.6%) of RGTs were suburbs of major cities and located near the borders of Russia, especially in the west and south. Over 33% of all RGTs (100 towns) were energy (oil, gas, and nuclear power) towns. 27 of the 284 towns were non-energy mining towns; 25 were MICs. 11 new towns were recreation-oriented towns. Some new towns bordered on Chechnya. Some new towns in Volga attracted migrants due to lower prices and costs of living. The census of 1999 will more clearly reflect urbanization patterns.
R H Rowland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Post-Soviet geography and economics     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1088-9388     ISO Abbreviation:  Post Sov Geogr Econ     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-03     Completed Date:  1998-02-03     Revised Date:  2003-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101084876     Medline TA:  Post Sov Geogr Econ     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-87     Citation Subset:  J    
Copyright Information:
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MeSH Terms
Developed Countries
Europe, Eastern
Population Density*
Population Dynamics
Population Growth*
Urban Population

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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