Document Detail

Patterns of disease and HIV testing at sexually transmitted disease clinics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9451407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To measure the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and of HIV testing in a population of STD clinic attenders and the associations of these with age, gender, ethnicity, intravenous drug use, sexual practices and other STDs. METHODS: The study population comprised 8478 new attenders who had blood taken at STD clinics in Auckland and Christchurch between August 1991 and August 1992. Demographic and behavioural information was recorded, along with STD diagnoses and whether or not an HIV test was carried out. These data were analysed by univariate and multivariate methods to determine patterns of disease and voluntary HIV testing. RESULTS: The proportions of the study group with each of the six major STD diagnoses were syphilis 0.8%, gonorrhoea 3.1%, chlamydial infection 11.7%, nonspecific urethritis/cervicitis 12.0%, genital warts 17.4% and genital herpes 6.1%. Gonorrhoea and chlamydial infection were significantly correlated. Both Maori and Pacific Islands ethnicity were significantly associated with the occurrence of bacterial STDs and inversely associated with viral STDs. Twenty-two percent of subjects had voluntary HIV testing at this single visit. Maori were tested at 60% of the European rate and Pacific Islands people at 25-30%. CONCLUSIONS: The profiles of different STDs vary in terms of the sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics of those most often affected. There are major differences in patterns of disease and service use between ethnic groups that require further investigation.
J Connor; C Paul; K Sharples; N Dickson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0028-8446     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-12     Completed Date:  1998-02-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-5     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin.
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MeSH Terms
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV Infections / complications,  diagnosis*,  prevention & control*
Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
New Zealand / epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Population Surveillance
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / complications,  epidemiology*,  ethnology
Comment In:
N Z Med J. 1998 Sep 25;111(1074):370   [PMID:  11039825 ]

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