Document Detail


Patterns of disease and HIV testing at sexually transmitted disease clinics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9451407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To measure the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and of HIV testing in a population of STD clinic attenders and the associations of these with age, gender, ethnicity, intravenous drug use, sexual practices and other STDs. METHODS: The study population comprised 8478 new attenders who had blood taken at STD clinics in Auckland and Christchurch between August 1991 and August 1992. Demographic and behavioural information was recorded, along with STD diagnoses and whether or not an HIV test was carried out. These data were analysed by univariate and multivariate methods to determine patterns of disease and voluntary HIV testing. RESULTS: The proportions of the study group with each of the six major STD diagnoses were syphilis 0.8%, gonorrhoea 3.1%, chlamydial infection 11.7%, nonspecific urethritis/cervicitis 12.0%, genital warts 17.4% and genital herpes 6.1%. Gonorrhoea and chlamydial infection were significantly correlated. Both Maori and Pacific Islands ethnicity were significantly associated with the occurrence of bacterial STDs and inversely associated with viral STDs. Twenty-two percent of subjects had voluntary HIV testing at this single visit. Maori were tested at 60% of the European rate and Pacific Islands people at 25-30%. CONCLUSIONS: The profiles of different STDs vary in terms of the sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics of those most often affected. There are major differences in patterns of disease and service use between ethnic groups that require further investigation.
Authors:
J Connor; C Paul; K Sharples; N Dickson
Related Documents :
12508517 - The impact of laws on hiv and std prevention.
20338797 - When infections collide--gummatous syphilis in an hiv-infected individual.
17413267 - Sexually transmitted disease and hiv prevalence and risk factors in concentrated and ge...
18472877 - Epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases among pregnant adolescents.
21851767 - Treatment for prevention of hiv transmission in a localised epidemic: the case for sout...
1306717 - Crossmatch prediction of highly sensitized patients.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0028-8446     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-12     Completed Date:  1998-02-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-5     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
HIV Infections / complications,  diagnosis*,  prevention & control*
Humans
Male
Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data*
Middle Aged
New Zealand / epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Population Surveillance
Sexually Transmitted Diseases / complications,  epidemiology*,  ethnology
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
N Z Med J. 1998 Sep 25;111(1074):370   [PMID:  11039825 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Graduates of the University of Tasmania Medical School: career achievements 10 to 23 years after gra...
Next Document:  Osteitis--an under-recognised association with seronegative spondyloarthropathy?