Document Detail


Patterns of burn injury in the preambulatory infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18947932     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken after an increasing trend in young babies presenting with severe burns was observed in Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH) in Perth, Western Australia. The aim was to explore the patterns of these injuries with a view to identifying whether they could be prevented with better parent education. METHOD: Inclusion criteria was infants under 6 months of age who sustained a burns injury requiring admission or out-patient treatment in the Burns Unit of PMH between July 2005 and September 2007. RESULTS: Immobile infants are at significant risk of burns. In infants who are not yet mobile, environmental factors are commonly implicated, with the vast majority of burns sustained in the home. The mechanisms of injuries were scalds (43%), contact burns (39%), sunburn (11%) and TPN burns in premature infants in NICU (7%). TBSA ranged from <0.5% to 30%. CONCLUSION: Infants less than 6-month-old are at significant risk of burn; at this age the injury is usually caused by hazards in the home environment. These infants are vulnerable to inadequate first aid and require a large amount of follow-up care. Better parental education may help reduce the number of injuries we see in this age group.
Authors:
Clare E G Burlinson; Fiona M Wood; Suzanne M Rea
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1879-1409     ISO Abbreviation:  Burns     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-12     Completed Date:  2009-08-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913178     Medline TA:  Burns     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  118-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Royal Perth Hospital (RPH), Burns Unit, Wellington Street, Perth, WA 6000, Australia. clare.burlinson@doctors.org.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accident Prevention
Burns / epidemiology,  etiology,  prevention & control*
Child, Preschool
Female
First Aid
Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Male
Parents / education*
Trauma Severity Indices
Western Australia / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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