Document Detail


Patterns of alcohol use and related consequences in non-college-attending emerging adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23200153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Among emerging adults, those who do not attain postsecondary education are at highest risk for experiencing longterm problems related to alcohol use, including alcohol dependence. The purpose of the current study was to identify latent classes of alcohol users among non-college-attending youth and examine correlates of class membership.
METHOD: Screening criteria were used to select emerging adults between ages 18 and 22 years with no postsecondary education (N = 264) from a prerecruited probability-based Web panel. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify common patterns of alcohol use. Grouping variables and demographic variables were added to the LCA model, and rates of alcohol-related consequences across the LCA classes were compared.
RESULTS: Four classes of drinking patterns were identified: (a) current nondrinkers (34%), (b) weekend light drinkers (38%), (c) weekend risky drinkers (23%), and (d) daily drinkers (5%). Class membership was associated with early onset of alcohol use (age 14 or younger), marital status, employment status, and urban residency (area populated by 50,000 or more people). The number of latent classes did not differ across sex and legal drinking age status, although proportions of subjects within classes varied by age. Weekend risky drinkers were most likely to report sickness and feelings of guilt because of drinking, whereas daily drinkers were most likely to report getting into fights, driving a car after drinking, and missing work.
CONCLUSIONS: Similar to college samples of emerging adults, most of this noncollege sample belonged to latent classes defined by rare or moderate alcohol use. Nevertheless, nearly a quarter of the sample reported high-risk drinking behaviors, and a small number reported drinking alcohol on a daily basis. Both of these classes were at elevated risk for experiencing a number of alcohol-related consequences.
Authors:
Michael J Cleveland; Kimberly A Mallett; Helene R White; Rob Turrisi; Sarah Favero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  2013-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-01-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  84-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age of Onset
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Alcohol-Related Disorders / classification,  epidemiology*,  psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Employment
Female
Humans
Male
Marital Status
Models, Statistical*
Risk Factors
Risk-Taking
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA 015737/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA 019511/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA019511/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
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