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Patterns of Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Olympic Athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25441331     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Whether morphologic left ventricular (LV) changes in elite athletes are associated with altered diastolic properties is undefined. The aim of this study was to investigate LV diastolic properties in a large population of Olympic athletes compared to untrained controls.
METHODS: A total of 1,145 Olympic athletes (61% men), and 154 controls, free of cardiovascular disease, underwent two-dimensional echocardiography, Doppler echocardiography, and Doppler tissue imaging.
RESULTS: Athletes had similar E velocities (87 ± 15 vs 89 ± 16 cm/sec, P = .134) but significantly decreased A velocities (47 ± 10 vs 56 ± 12 cm/sec, P < .001) compared with controls, with increased E/A ratios (1.93 ± 0.50 vs 1.63 ± 0.35, P < .001) and values ranging up to 4.8. Isovolumic relaxation (83 ± 13 vs 71 ± 16 msec, P < .001) and deceleration times (203 ± 40 vs 181 ± 36 msec, P < .001) were longer in athletes compared with controls. Doppler tissue imaging e' (13.8 ± 2.2 vs 16.2 ± 3.7 cm/sec, P < .001) and a' (7.2 ± 1.8 vs 8.5 ± 2.1 cm/sec, P < .001) were lower in athletes than in controls, but their ratio was not different between groups; E/e' ratios (6.37 ± 1.2 vs 5.72 ± 1.33, P < .001) were mildly higher in athletes. Subgroup analysis for type of sport showed that endurance athletes had the lowest A and a' velocities and the largest E/A ratios. Gender analysis revealed that men had significantly lower E and A velocities, as well as e', e'/a' ratios, and E/e' ratios (P < .01), compared with women.
CONCLUSION: This study provides normal values for Doppler echocardiographic and Doppler tissue imaging parameters describing diastolic function in elite athletes, which may be implemented as reference values in the clinical assessment of athlete's heart and prove useful in understanding the physiologic limits of cardiac adaptations in athletes.
Authors:
Stefano Caselli; Fernando M Di Paolo; Cataldo Pisicchio; Natesa G Pandian; Antonio Pelliccia
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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