Document Detail


Patterns of Infant Mortality from 1993 to 2007 in Belgrade (Serbia).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22585434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The population of the Republic of Serbia has been exposed to radical changes in living standards and employment status and inequalities in utilization of health-care services. Given that infant mortality rates (IMR) reflect general community health, we evaluated the trends and mortality structure of Belgrade's infant population for a 15-year period (1993-2007). Data were collected from published and unpublished materials of the Municipal Institute of Statistics in Belgrade. Records were based on official notifications of live-born infants and death certificates. A linear regression equation was used to estimate mortality trends over time, while an F test was performed to assess the significance of the linear regression coefficient. The average IMR was 11.3 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 9.4, 13.2] per 1,000 live births for both sexes with a higher average rate observed for male infants. Throughout the whole period, a statistically significant declining trend (y = 17.072 - 0.721x, p = 0.001) was noted. The most common causes of death were conditions occurring during the perinatal period, with an average annual mortality rate of 7.7 [95 % CI 6.4, 8.9] per 1,000, arising mainly from respiratory distress of the newborns. Regarding congenital anomalies, deformations of the heart and aortic and mitral valves were most frequently found. A statistically significant inverse correlation was observed between average net salary and IMR for each sex separately (for males r = -0.727, p = 0.002, for females r = -0.721, p = 0.002) and for both sexes jointly (r = -0.759, p = 0.001). A decline in infant mortality in Belgrade has been observed. However, further promotion of health-related activities, as well as continuous surveillance of IMR, is required.
Authors:
Tatjana Gazibara; Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic; Jelena Dotlic; Bojana Matejic; Anita Grgurevic; Tatjana Pekmezovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maternal and child health journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6628     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9715672     Medline TA:  Matern Child Health J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Epidemiology, University of Belgrade, Visegradska 26A, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.
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