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Pattern of ventricular septal defects and associated complications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19486570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of various types of Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) in local population and their complications. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Paediatric Cardiac Unit of the Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from January 2006 to December 2007. METHODOLOGY: All patients aged between one day to 18 years presenting to the unit with isolated VSD during the study period were evaluated using 2-D, continuous wave Doppler and colour Doppler techniques on transthoracic echocardiography. Where necessary, transesophageal echocardiography and/or angiography data was used to further clarify the anatomy. RESULTS: Of the 854 patients with isolated VSD, 710 were of perimembranous type (83.1%), 100 were muscular type (11.7%), 25 were doubly committed subarterial (DCSA) type (2.9%) and 19 patients were having inlet VSD (2.2%). The mean age was 2.1+3 years. Females were 332 (38.8%) and males were 522 (61.1%). Aortic Valve Prolapse (AVP) was seen in 77 patients (10.8%). The mean age for this subgroup was 5.8+4 years with 54 (70.1%) males and 23 (29.9%) females. Of those, 36 (47.3%) had various degree of aortic regurgitation. Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction of variable severity was found in 4 patients. Two of these patients had echocardiographic evidence of subacute bacterial endocarditis. CONCLUSION: Perimembranous (PM) VSD is the commonest type of ventricular septal defect presenting to a tertiary care hospital. The incidence of AVP and AR is high (10.8%) and was found almost entirely in perimembranous outlet VSDs rather than DCSA. This observation has special implication in Pakistan where pool of unoperated VSDs is large.
Authors:
Uzma Kazmi; Masood Sadiq; Syed Najam Hyder
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1022-386X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606447     Medline TA:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatric Cardiology, The Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore. druzmakazmi@yahoo.com
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