Document Detail


Pattern and rate of motor skill acquisition among preterm infants during the first four months corrected age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21180865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: this study aimed to characterize the pattern and rate of motor skill acquisition among preterm infants from newborn to four months corrected age, in comparison with a group of full-term infants.
METHODS: twelve healthy preterm infants (mean gestational age=33.6 weeks ± 1.25) and 10 healthy full-term infants (mean gestational age=39.1 weeks ± 0.73) participated in the study. These infants were assessed monthly (0-4 months of age) using the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP).
RESULTS: the motor performance pattern increased over the months in both groups, with variability in the total scores at all ages. The preterm group presented a higher mean score than shown by the full-term group between one and four months of age. In the full-term group, the motor acquisition rate was higher from age newborn to one month than from age three to four months. It was also found that the caregivers of the preterm infants began toy stimulation earlier than did the caregivers of the full-term infants. Both groups presented mean scores below the TIMP values.
CONCLUSIONS: the preterm infants presented a pattern of motor development similar to the typical pattern regarding the sequence of abilities achieved. The preterm infants also presented a faster rate during the neonate period at one month of age. This suggests that correction for prematurity is unnecessary for preterm infants with these characteristics and that follow-up programs should instruct parents and caregivers to begin stimulation with toys at one month of age, thereby providing early exploration of various motor skills.
Authors:
Elaine P Raniero; Eloisa Tudella; Rosana S Mattos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de fisioterapia (São Carlos (São Paulo, Brazil))     Volume:  14     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Publication Date:    2010 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  2011-06-06     Revised Date:  2013-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101186153     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Fisioter     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  396-403     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Early Diagnosis and Intervention Program, Araraquara City Hall, Araraquara, SP, Brasil. laristhll@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / growth & development*
Longitudinal Studies
Motor Skills*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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