Document Detail

Pattern and prognosis of liver function test abnormalities during parenteral nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3917969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The pattern of liver function test abnormalities was examined during total parenteral nutrition (TPN), using both dextrose and fat emulsions as caloric sources, in 92 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Seventy-two patients had completely normal tests before TPN while 20 had one or more abnormal liver function tests before TPN was started. Serum bilirubin levels were normal in all patients before TPN; within 2 weeks on TPN, 25% of patients had elevated bilirubin levels. Serum alkaline phosphatase rose to values above normal in 25% of patients with normal starting values but did not change in those with abnormal baseline liver function tests. Elevations of SGPT were characteristically more pronounced than were elevation of SGOT. After 2 weeks of TPN, mean serum SGOT rose from 15 to 26 IU per liter (p less than 0.01) in patients with normal baseline values and from 28 to 50 IU per liter in those with abnormal baseline values. Elevations of serum SGPT were most common, affecting 25% of patients with normal baseline. The mean SGPT value rose from 13 to 38 IU per liter (p less than 0.01) at 1 week of TPN. In patients with abnormal tests before TPN, the mean SGPT value rose from 45 to 102 IU per liter (p less than 0.05). Liver biopsies performed in four patients with substantial elevations of aminotransferases revealed only minor nonspecific changes and no fatty infiltration. Elevated liver function tests promptly returned to baseline after TPN was discontinued, and progressive liver disease was not observed in any patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
J M Bengoa; S B Hanauer; M D Sitrin; A L Baker; I H Rosenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0270-9139     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatology     Publication Date:    1985 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-03-18     Completed Date:  1985-03-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302946     Medline TA:  Hepatology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alanine Transaminase / blood
Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
Bilirubin / blood
Colitis, Ulcerative / complications*,  enzymology
Crohn Disease / complications*,  enzymology
Liver Diseases / enzymology,  etiology*
Liver Function Tests*
Parenteral Nutrition / adverse effects*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
635-65-4/Bilirubin; EC Aminotransferases; EC Transaminase; EC Phosphatase

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