Document Detail


Pattern of pediatric zolpidem ingestions reported to Texas poison control centers, 2000 to 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19116499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of zolpidem ingestions by young children reported to poison control centers. METHODS: Cases were all zolpidem ingestions by children 0 to 5 year old reported to Texas poison control centers during 2000 to 2006. Multiple substance ingestions were excluded. The distribution of cases was described with respect to such demographic and clinical factors as patient gender, ingestion reason, ingestion site, management site, and medical outcome. RESULTS: There were a total of 463 cases, all unintentional exposures. The patient was male in 52.2% of the cases, and the exposure occurred at the patient's own home in 92.8% of the cases. The patient was managed on-site in 54.4% cases, already at or en route to a health care facility in 29.6% cases, and referred to a health care facility in 16.0% cases. Of the 322 cases with a known final medical outcome, 59.0% had no effect, 35.1% had minor effects, and 5.9% had moderate effects. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric ingestions of zolpidem alone reported to Texas poison control centers most frequently resulted in at most minor effects and were often managed at home.
Authors:
Mathias B Forrester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric emergency care     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1535-1815     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-20     Completed Date:  2009-04-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8507560     Medline TA:  Pediatr Emerg Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Unit, Texas Department of State Health Services, 1100 W 49th St, Austin, TX 78756, USA. mathias.forrester@dshs.state.tx.us
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Home / statistics & numerical data
Ataxia / chemically induced
Child, Preschool
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Female
First Aid
Guideline Adherence
Hallucinations / chemically induced
Home Nursing
Humans
Hypnotics and Sedatives / administration & dosage,  poisoning*
Infant
Male
Poison Control Centers / statistics & numerical data*
Poisoning / therapy
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Pyridines / administration & dosage,  poisoning*
Sleep Stages
Texas / epidemiology
Triage / standards
Vomiting / chemically induced
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hypnotics and Sedatives; 0/Pyridines; 82626-48-0/zolpidem

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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