Document Detail


Pattern of neuropsychological deficit at age five years following neonatal unilateral brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9672764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pattern of language deficit following left-hemisphere brain injury and visual/spatial deficit following right-hemisphere injury in an adult or older child is well recognized, but has been inconsistently reported following presumed neonatal brain injury. Our prospective study of 24 children at age 5 with documented neonatal unilateral brain injury lends support to the theory of hemisphere specialization at the time of birth. Twelve children who had unilateral left-hemisphere lesion were compared to 12 children with unilateral right-hemisphere lesion of similar timing and severity. Relative visual/spatial deficit following right-hemisphere lesion and receptive language deficit following left-hemisphere lesion were identified. Lateralized measures of grip strength, fine motor speed, and fine motor dexterity were not significantly different between the groups for either hand in this nonhemiparetic study sample. Only one child with a left-hemisphere lesion was left-handed, and only one child (right-lesion) had a hemiparesis.
Authors:
P Glass; D I Bulas; A E Wagner; S R Rajasingham; L A Civitello; C E Coffman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain and language     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0093-934X     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Lang     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-10-22     Completed Date:  1998-10-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506220     Medline TA:  Brain Lang     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Child Development, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Injuries / complications*
Child, Preschool
Female
Functional Laterality
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Language Disorders / diagnosis*,  etiology*
Male
Neuropsychological Tests*
Prospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 NS26805/NS/NINDS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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