Document Detail

Pattern of left ventricular diastolic filling associated with right ventricular enlargement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2970779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Right ventricular (RV) dilatation associated with pressure overload may alter left ventricular (LV) geometry resulting in abnormal diastolic function as demonstrated by a smaller LV diastolic volume for a given LV diastolic pressure. To determine whether abnormalities in LV geometry due to RV dilatation result in abnormalities in the LV diastolic filling pattern, we obtained pulsed Doppler transmitral recordings from 23 patients with RV dilatation with RV systolic pressure estimated to be less than 40 mm Hg (group 1), 18 patients with RV dilatation and RV systolic pressures greater than or equal to 40 mm Hg (group 2) and 33 normal patients. RV systolic pressures were estimated from continuous wave Doppler peak tricuspid regurgitation velocities using the modified Bernoulli equation. Diastolic filling parameters in group 1 patients were similar to normals. In group 2 patient, increased peak atrial filling velocity (76 +/- 14 vs 57 +/- 12 cm/s, p less than 0.001), decreased peak rapid filling velocity/peak atrial filling velocity (1.1 +/- 0.4 vs 1.5 +/- 0.4, p less than 0.01), increased atrial filling fraction (41 +/- 14 vs 30 +/- 10%, p less than 0.01) and prolongation of the atrial filling period (171 +/- 47 vs 152 +/- 39 ms, p less than 0.05) were noted compared with the normal group. RV end-diastolic size and LV end-systolic shape were significantly correlated with the atrial filling fraction in group 2 patients. In patients with RV dilatation and RV systolic pressures greater than or equal to 40 mm Hg, there is increased reliance on atrial systolic contribution to the LV filling volume.
S J Lavine; L Tami; I Jawad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-09-30     Completed Date:  1988-09-30     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  444-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Harper Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity
Cardiomegaly / physiopathology*
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology*
Dilatation, Pathologic
Heart / physiopathology
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Time Factors

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