Document Detail


Pattern of admissions to neonatal unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15924838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To document the number, disease pattern and outcome of patients admitted to neonatal unit. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in the Neonatal Unit of National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2001. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of all the admitted neonates was analyzed for age and weight at the time of admission, sex, duration of stay, cause of admission and outcome. RESULTS: A total of 1984 neonates were admitted during study period. Among them 62.1% were males, 17.54% were admitted within 6 hours of their life, and 51.36% within 72 hours of birth. The low birth weight accounted for 55.4% admissions. Neonatal infection was the major cause of admission (45.21%) comprising 30.64% cases of septicemia, 9.82% of pneumonia and 4.73% of meningitis. Other causes of admission were birth asphyxia (18.85%), neonatal jaundice (13.15%), pre-term (6.87%), meconium aspiration syndrome (3.67%), hemorrhagic disease of newborn (2.21%), diarrhea (2.11%) and hyaline membrane disease (1.05%). 48.53% were discharged with satisfactory condition, 25.5% died and 25.85% left against medical advice (LAMA) and or discharged on request (DoR). CONCLUSION: Low birth weight (LBW), infections and birth asphyxia were the major causes of neonatal admission.
Authors:
Jai Parkash; Nirmal Das
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1022-386X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-05-31     Completed Date:  2005-09-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606447     Medline TA:  J Coll Physicians Surg Pak     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Neonatology Unit, National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan. jp_nich@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / epidemiology,  therapy*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data,  trends
Male
Pakistan / epidemiology
Patient Admission / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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