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Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy at risk for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: advanced echocardiographic evaluation of the left atrium combined with non-invasive P-wave analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22902322     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The maintenance of sinus rhythm is crucial for the functional capacity of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Using a multimodality approach, we attempted to identify potential predictors of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in HCM patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty HCM patients (17 males, mean age 57.9 ± 13.6) with at least one documented PAF episode and 32 age- and sex-matched HCM control patients as well as 25 healthy volunteers were studied in sinus rhythm. Study subjects underwent 2D echocardiography including a colour Doppler myocardial imaging evaluation of the left atrium (LA). Additionally, an orthogonal electrocardiogram was acquired; P-wave duration, maximum, and mean energies were calculated for each subject at each orthogonal lead and the composite vector axis using the Morlet wavelet analysis. Compared with HCM controls, in HCM-PAF patients, LA antero-posterior diameter was significantly enlarged (LAD(AP): 46.1 ± 5.9 vs. 40.0 ± 4.7 mm, P < 0.001), peak strain rate of the LA lateral wall in the reservoir phase was significantly decreased (LAT peak SR-S: 1.93 ± 0.51 vs. 2.55 ± 0.83 s(-1), P < 0.01), and P-wave duration in the Z-lead was significantly prolonged (P-durZ: 106.9 ± 24.6 vs. 86.2 ± 14.3 ms, P < 0.001). Cut-off values and areas under the curve (AUCs) for individual parameters were 42.0 mm, 2.32 s(-1), and 98.8 ms and 0.81, 0.74, and 0.78, respectively. A multivariable model combining LAD(AP), LAT peak SR-S and P-durZ had an AUC of 0.90, a sensitivity of 0.87, and a specificity of 0.91 for identifying PAF patients. CONCLUSION: P-wave duration combined with LA antero-posterior diameter and myocardial deformation indices resulted in a higher power for discriminating HCM-PAF patients, when compared with individual parameters derived from either wavelet analysis or 2D echocardiography.
Authors:
Chrysafios Girasis; Vassilios Vassilikos; Georgios K Efthimiadis; Stella-Lida Papadopoulou; Georgios Dakos; Emmanuela G Dalamaga; Ioanna Chouvarda; Georgios Giannakoulas; Vassilios Kamperidis; Stylianos Paraskevaidis; Nicos Maglaveras; Haralambos I Karvounis; Georgios E Parcharidis; Ioannis H Styliadis
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1st Cardiology Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Aristotle University Medical School, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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