Document Detail


Patients' understanding of cardiac risk factors: a point-prevalence study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14994778     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A 1-day point-prevalence study was conducted in our 141-bed tertiary cardiac care hospital in order to determine our patients' and their significant others' level of understanding of cardiac risk factors in general and of the patients' personal cardiac risk factors. There were 3 parts to the study: patient interviews, significant other (SO) interviews, and an audit of the participating patients' charts. Of the 87 patients who were able to participate, 71 completed the interviews as did 53 significant others. From recall, only 14 patients and 11 significant others were able to define what a cardiac risk factor was ("Habits or factors that contribute to heart disease") and they were unable to identify many general risk factors. However, when given a recognition task where cardiac risk factors were interspersed with sham factors, the overall mean general knowledge score was 13.6 for patients and 13.9 for significant others out of 16. The correlation between the patients' understanding of their cardiac risk factors and the significant others' understanding of them was reasonably good (r = 0.58, P < .0001), as was the correlation between the SOs' understanding and the charts (r = 0.58, P < .0001). There was less agreement between the patients' understanding and the chart documentation of cardiac risk factors (r = 0.36, P < .01). The findings of this study have implications for patient teaching as well as for documentation of cardiac risk factors.
Authors:
Kathryn Momtahan; Janet Berkman; Judith Sellick; Sharon A Kearns; Nancy Lauzon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular nursing     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0889-4655     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-03     Completed Date:  2004-03-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703516     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-20     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. kmomtahan@ottawaheart.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Documentation
Family / psychology
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Heart Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*,  psychology*
Hospitals, University
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nursing Audit
Nursing Methodology Research
Ontario
Patient Education as Topic / standards*
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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