Document Detail

Patients' perspectives on foot complications in type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18682014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Foot ulceration is a major health problem for people with diabetes. To minimise the risk of ulceration, patients are advised to perform preventive foot self-care.
AIM: To explore beliefs about diabetic foot complications and everyday foot self-care practices among people with type 2 diabetes.
DESIGN OF STUDY: Qualitative study using one-to-one interviews.
SETTING: A suburban primary care health centre.
METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of adults with type 2 diabetes but with no experience of foot ulceration.
RESULTS: Most participants were unsure of what a foot ulcer is and unaware of the difficulties associated with ulcer healing. Prevention of accidental damage to the skin was not considered a priority, as few participants knew that this is a common cause of foot ulceration. Although it was recognised that lower-limb amputation is more common in people with diabetes, this was perceived to be predominantly caused by poor blood supply to the feet and unrelated to foot ulceration. Therefore, preventive foot care focused on stimulating blood circulation, for example by walking barefoot. Consequently, some of the behaviours participants considered beneficial for foot health could potentially increase the risk of ulceration. In some cases the uptake of advice regarding preventive foot care was hampered because participants found it difficult to communicate with health professionals.
CONCLUSION: Patients with type 2 diabetes may have beliefs about foot complications that differ from medical evidence. Such illness beliefs may play a role in foot-related behaviours that have previously been unrecognised. Health professionals need to explore and address the beliefs underlying patients' foot self-care practices.
Lone Gale; Kavita Vedhara; Aidan Searle; Terry Kemple; Rona Campbell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0960-1643     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Gen Pract     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-06     Completed Date:  2008-10-29     Revised Date:  2014-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005323     Medline TA:  Br J Gen Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  555-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*,  psychology
Diabetic Foot / prevention & control*,  psychology
Family Practice
Life Style
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic / methods
Risk Factors
Risk Reduction Behavior
Self Care / methods*
Grant Support
G78/8331//Medical Research Council; MC_U145079313//Medical Research Council
Comment In:
Br J Gen Pract. 2009 Apr;59(561):290   [PMID:  19341560 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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