Document Detail


Patients' perceptions compared with objective ratings of asthma severity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8814046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Optimal asthma management requires accurate assessment of asthma severity. OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' perceptions of their asthma severity with that obtained by using the guidelines published by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program's Expert Panel and with functional impairment measured by spirometry and numeric criteria of the American Thoracic Society. METHODS: We enrolled 323 patients age 18 to 50 years who were members of the Kaiser Foundation Health Plan for > or = 1 year in a randomized control trial of an asthma education program. Each had a confirmed diagnosis of bronchial asthma and had been receiving antiasthma medication for > or = 1 year. Patients rated the severity of their asthma. Office spirometry was performed, and, using the Mini-Wright peak flow meter, patients kept 2-week diaries of at-home recordings of morning and evening peak expiratory flow rates. RESULTS: A statistically significant association was noted between patients' perceptions of asthma severity and both medication severity rating (P < .001) and diurnal variation rating (P = .003) and evening peak expiratory flow rate percentage (P = .019). In comparison with a severity composite based on criteria of the National Asthma Education Program, 54% of patients accurately estimated asthma severity, 27% overestimated, and 20% underestimated severity. CONCLUSION: A clinically significant proportion of asthmatic patients substantially underestimate disease severity and thereby may be at risk of increased mortality or morbidity.
Authors:
B P Nguyen; S R Wilson; D F German
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-10-24     Completed Date:  1996-10-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Allergy, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Asthma / physiopathology*
Female
Humans
Male
Maximal Expiratory Flow Rate
Middle Aged
Perception
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HL34861/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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