Document Detail

Patient with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12839211     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Since 1980, when percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy was described and performed for the first time, the number of patients with this way of nutrition has been growing. At present, however, these patients are treated not only in intensive care units, but also in follow-up care institutions or in home care. AIM: We want to explain the problems of nutrition via endoscopic gastrostomy to those physicians who take long-term care of these patients. METHODS: In our department we introduced percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in 1994. A total of 78 PEGs were performed. In all cases the pull technique was used. A condition for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion was an unaffected gastrointestinal tract from the stomach in aboral direction. The most frequent indications were: necessity of long-term enteral nutrition in patients during artificial ventilation, neurological patients with lost swallowing reflex, and patients with a tumor in the ENT area with preserved patency for the endoscope. RESULTS: In all cases, the intervention itself was without major complications and no death occurred relating to the intervention. Subsequently, mainly local complications such as decubitus ulcers or maceration around the tube and its accidental removal by a restless patient were noticed. CONCLUSION: In cases of more than 6-week inability to ingest food per os with otherwise unaffected gastrointestinal tract, it is appropriate to consider the nutrition via PEG. Using this method, it is possible to ensure an adequate access for enteral nutrition for a longer time without risk of complications associated with the nasoenteric tube, with minimum trouble to the patient. (Fig. 1, Ref. 9.).
P Piskac; J Leypold; L Hnizdil; M Dvorak; I Piskacova
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bratislavské lekárske listy     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0006-9248     ISO Abbreviation:  Bratisl Lek Listy     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-03     Completed Date:  2003-07-22     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0065324     Medline TA:  Bratisl Lek Listy     Country:  Slovakia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
2nd Department of Surgery, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
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MeSH Terms
Enteral Nutrition* / adverse effects,  methods
Gastrostomy* / adverse effects,  methods

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