Document Detail

Pathways to and from homelessness and associated psychosocial outcomes among adolescents leaving the foster care system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19542038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prevalence and nature of housing problems among adolescents leaving foster care because of their age to provide evidence that can inform public and programmatic policies designed to prevent homelessness.
METHODS: Housing and psychosocial outcomes in a sample of 265 adolescents who left the foster care system in 2002 and 2003 in a large midwestern metropolitan area were evaluated over a 2-year follow-up period. Analyses focused on identifying latent housing trajectory categories across the first 2 years after participants' exit from foster care.
RESULTS: Findings revealed 4 latent housing classifications. Most participants (57%) had experienced stable housing situations since their exit from foster care. Those in the remaining 3 categories endured housing problems, and 20% were chronically homeless during the follow-up period. Housing instability was related to emotional and behavioral problems, physical and sexual victimization, criminal conviction, and high school dropout.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents in foster care are at considerable risk of homelessness. Preventive initiatives can reduce homelessness in this population by implementing improved foster care programming and developing empirically informed interventions targeting foster care adolescents.
Patrick J Fowler; Paul A Toro; Bart W Miles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-06-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  99     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-09     Completed Date:  2009-08-17     Revised Date:  2011-08-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1453-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Foster Home Care / statistics & numerical data*
Homeless Persons / statistics & numerical data*
Public Housing / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data
Social Support*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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