Document Detail

Pathophysiology of varicocele in male infertility in the era of assisted reproductive technology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22417329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Varicocele is the most common and treatable cause of male infertility. Studies of a rat experimental left varicocele model and human testicular biopsy samples have shown the involvement of various factors in its pathophysiology. Among them, oxidative stress plays a major role in impairing spermatogenesis and sperm function. Therefore, in addition to palpation, scrotal ultrasonography and color Doppler ultrasound, evaluation of testicular oxidative stress (e.g. scrotal temperature is a surrogate parameter) is recommended to enable diagnosis and suitable treatment of varicocele. Varicocelectomy increases the fertilization, pregnancy and live birth rates, indicating improved sperm function; it is therefore important even in couples undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Routine sperm-function tests are warranted to monitor the sperm quality after varicocelectomy and consequent improvement in the outcomes of assisted reproductive technology. Furthermore, the indications of varicocelectomy in assisted reproductive technology should be widened.
Koji Shiraishi; Hideyasu Matsuyama; Hiroshi Takihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-2042     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440237     Medline TA:  Int J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Japanese Urological Association.
Department of Urology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine Department of Urology, Sanyo-Onoda Municipal Hospital, Yamaguchi, Japan.
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