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Pathological fracture as the presenting feature in pediatric osteosarcoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23281226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Pathological fracture is an uncommon presentation in patients with long bone osteosarcoma. PROCEDURES: We retrospectively reviewed the database of all patients with histologically proven osteosarcoma under the age of 18 years from 1991 to 2011 in a tertiary pediatric oncology referral center. Five patients with pathological fractures as the first presentation of osteosarcoma were identified. The treatment strategies and complications were evaluated. Ten sex-, age-, and site- matched osteosarcoma patients without pathological fracture were selected as controls. The incidence of distant metastases and outcome, including local recurrence and survival, were compared between the index (with pathological fracture) and the control (without pathological fracture) groups. RESULTS: In the index group, all five patients were boys and the mean age of onset was 13.1 years (range 9.2-14.9). Three patients (60%, 3/5) received amputation and two (40%) had wide local excision of the tumor. Pathological fracture group showed higher rate of lung (60% vs. 10%, P = 0.04) and bone (60% vs. 10%, P = 0.04) metastases at presentation, and shorter overall 5-year survival (P = 0.04) than the control group. There was no significant difference of local recurrence (20%, P = 1.00) between these two groups regardless of the type of operation. CONCLUSION: Osteosarcoma complicated by pathological fracture as first presentation had higher incidence of lung and bone metastases at presentation and worse survival rate when compared with patients without pathological fracture. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
Ryan K L Lee; Winnie C W Chu; Joyce H Y Leung; Frankie W T Cheng; C K Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric blood & cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-5017     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Blood Cancer     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101186624     Medline TA:  Pediatr Blood Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong. leekalok2909@yahoo.com.hk.
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