Document Detail


Pathological O2 supply dependence of diaphragmatic and systemic O2 uptake during endotoxemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7836109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our aim was to assess whether endotoxemia impairs the ability of the diaphragm to extract O2 and whether this defect leads to a greater dependence of O2 uptake on O2 delivery. In two groups of anesthetized mechanically ventilated dogs, the left hemidiaphragm was vascularly isolated. Diaphragmatic blood flow and cardiac output (CO) were measured simultaneously in all animals. Saline (S group) or Escherichia coli endotoxin (100 mg; E group) was infused intravenously over 60 min. In both groups, CO was reduced in stages by controlled hemorrhage, and systemic and diaphragmatic O2 deliveries and consumptions were measured at each stage to construct the O2 delivery-O2 consumption relationships. In the S group, the average systemic O2 delivery below which O2 uptake became supply dependent was 7.2 ml.kg-1.min-1. At this O2 delivery, systemic O2 extraction ratio (ER) averaged 67.9%, whereas the maximum O2 ER was 91.3%. Critical diaphragmatic O2 delivery and critical and maximum diaphragmatic O2 ER, by comparison, averaged 9.0 ml.kg-1.min-1, 65%, and 81.9%, respectively. Endotoxin infusion raised critical systemic O2 delivery to 16.7 ml.kg-1.min-1 (P < 0.05) and reduced critical and maximum systemic O2 ER to 55.5 and 77% (P < 0.05), respectively. Similarly, critical diaphragmatic O2 delivery in the E group increased to 14.8 ml.kg-1.min-1 (P < 0.05), whereas critical and maximum O2 ER declined to 51.8 and 72.8%, respectively (P < 0.05). Thus, endotoxemia impairs diaphragmatic O2 extraction. This, in turn, leads to a greater dependence of diaphragmatic O2 uptake on O2 delivery.
Authors:
W S Kim; M E Ward; S N Hussain
Related Documents :
8458819 - Intrapulmonary shunt in excised dog lobes: comparison of oxygen and inert gas methods.
6243619 - Mechanism of the antibiotic action pyocyanine.
7073119 - Evaluation of blood gas quality control and proficiency testing materials by tonometry.
18234679 - Storage of strain-specific rat blood limits cerebral tissue oxygen delivery during acut...
1751229 - Liposome-embedded-heme as a totally artificial oxygen carrier.
3273079 - Effect of temperature on blood flow and metabolism in a neurovascular island skin flap.
23559769 - Analysis of efforts to maintain safe donor in main donor pool after completion of tempo...
23916719 - Quantitative fluorescent microscopy provides high resolution imaging of passive diffusi...
1101409 - Effects of anesthetics on splanchnic circulation and metabolism.
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  77     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-28     Completed Date:  1995-02-28     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1093-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Critical Care Division, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Gas Analysis
Cardiac Output / physiology
Diaphragm / metabolism*
Dogs
Endotoxins / blood
Escherichia coli
Hemodynamics / physiology
Oxygen Consumption*
Random Allocation
Shock, Septic / metabolism*,  physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endotoxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of resistance exercise on glucose tolerance in normal and glucose-intolerant subjects.
Next Document:  Functional and structural changes with hypoxia in pulmonary circulation of spontaneously hypertensiv...