Document Detail


Pathogens and manure management systems: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12641259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There has been an increasing concern about the effects of pathogens that are present in animal manure on humanand animal health. In recent years, outbreaks of food-borne diseases associated with the consumption of animal products havereceived much attention from the media in North America and Europe, leading to increased consumer concerns about the safety of their food supply. The health risks associated with animal operations depend on various factors. The most important ones appear to be related to the animal species being reared and the concentration of pathogenic microorganisms in animal manure. The ability of the pathogens to survive for long periods and through treatment to remain infective in the environment until ingested by human or animal host is an added concern. On the other hand, the role of livestock in most waterborne bacterial outbreaks has often been difficult to clarify since both humans and various wildlife species can shed the same microorganisms and thereby serve as sources of infection. This paper summarizes existing information on the main microbial pathogens present in livestock wastes, and discusses the impact of livestock wastes and agricultural drainage on microbiological quality of water, as well as available management and treatment technologies to minimize the prevalence of pathogens in animal wastes. Despite the fact that most disease outbreaks have been associated with food poisoning by cross-contamination during meat or milk processing and during finished product storage this review shows that a number of best management practices and technical solutions have been developed in the last few years that can be effective tools in minimizing the spread of pathogens from livestock operations in the environment.
Authors:
J R Bicudo; S M Goyal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental technology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0959-3330     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Technol     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-18     Completed Date:  2003-05-20     Revised Date:  2007-03-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884939     Medline TA:  Environ Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  115-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546-0276, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Animals, Wild
Bacteria / pathogenicity*
Disease Outbreaks*
Food Contamination*
Humans
Manure / microbiology*
Risk Assessment
Viruses / pathogenicity*
Water Pollutants
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manure; 0/Water Pollutants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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