Document Detail

Pathogenesis of involutional ectropion and entropion: the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases in elastic fiber degradation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21574802     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Purpose: To determine the elastic fiber content and ultrastructure as well as the expression of elastin-degrading enzymes in biopsy specimens from patients with involutional ectropion and entropion. Materials and Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with involutional ectropion (group 1) and twenty consecutive patients with entropion (group 2) were matched with twenty control patients (basal cell carcinoma) regarding age and gender. Full-thickness eyelid resections performed in study and control patients were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy, computer-assisted measurements, and immunohistochemistry using antibodies against matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP- 7, and MMP-9. The Kruskal-Wallis test and the Pearson chi-square test were performed. Results: Histopathologic analysis of the surgical specimens from patients with involutional ectropion and entropion showed a significant loss of elastic fibers in the eyelid skin, the pretarsal orbicularis oculi muscle, the perimeibomian tarsal stroma, and the intermeibomian tarsal stroma (P < 0.001). Residual elastic fibers revealed an abnormal ultrastructure. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated a significant overexpression of MMP- 2, MMP-7, and MMP-9 in the eyelid skin, the pretarsal orbicularis oculi muscle, the perimeibomian tarsal stroma, the intermeibomian tarsal stroma, and the conjunctiva in groups 1 and 2 compared to controls (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The present findings indicate that upregulation of elastolytic enzymes contributes to elastic fibre degradation in patients with involutional ectropion and entropion.
Renato W Damasceno; Ludwig M Heindl; Carmen Hofmann-Rummelt; Rubens Belfort; Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt; Friedrich E Kruse; Leonard M Holbach
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1744-5108     ISO Abbreviation:  Orbit     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301221     Medline TA:  Orbit     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  132-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology and Eye Hospital, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.
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