Document Detail

Pathogenesis of infections with Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Muenchen in the turtle Trachemys scripta scripta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12069769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Muenchen infections in the aquatic turtle Trachemys scripta scripta was studied. After oral infection with 5x10(5)cfu of serovar Muenchen of 10-14-month-old turtles, kept at 26 degrees C, the intestine and especially the ileum, caecum and colon was colonized. Invasion of the intestinal wall, causing histopathological lesions, and colonization of internal organs were not observed. Serovar Muenchen was only isolated from turtles for 8 days after exposure. Keeping the turtles at 37 degrees C caused colonization of liver and spleen in two of six orally infected turtles and augmented the numbers of bacteria in the intestinal tract. In contrast to oral infections, intraperitoneal infections of turtles with serovar Muenchen enabled the bacterium to persist inside the host for at least 5 weeks. Clearance of serovar Muenchen from the liver and blood was more pronounced at 26 degrees C than at 37 degrees C. ELISA antibodies were demonstrated in intraperitoneally but not in orally infected turtles kept at 26 degrees C. In conclusion, the lack of persistence and invasiveness of serovar Muenchen in T. s. scripta after oral exposure might be due to the turtle's relatively low body temperature and/or the absence of well-organized gut-associated lymphoid tissue.
Frank Pasmans; Peter De Herdt; Jeroen Dewulf; Freddy Haesebrouck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary microbiology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0378-1135     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-18     Completed Date:  2002-09-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705469     Medline TA:  Vet Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  315-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
Body Temperature / physiology*
Colony Count, Microbial / veterinary
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary
Intestines / microbiology
Salmonella Infections, Animal / microbiology*
Salmonella enterica / growth & development*
Turtles / microbiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Bacterial

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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