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Patellar tilt and thickness do not influence postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23081712     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The purpose of this short-term study was to determine whether patellar thickness and tilt influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009, 106 patients underwent surgery for TKA using rotating platform flex prosthesis (DePuy, Warsaw, Ind). All of them were suffering from end-stage osteoarthritis. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 12 months of follow-up. Maximum active, non-weight-bearing flexion was the primary outcome parameter. Standard standing antero-posterior and lateral weight-bearing radiographs were made. The patellofemoral joints were evaluated in skyline views taken with the knees at approximately 60° of flexion. Patellar thickness, patellar tilt, Caton-Deschamps indices and lower limb alignment were measured. RESULTS: The mean flexion observed before surgery was 125° ± 15° and after 1 year was 128° ± 13°. The mean patellar thickness preoperatively was 24.5 ± 2.9 and 25.8 ± 3.2 mm at 12 months after surgery. The mean patellar tilt before the procedure was 2.9° ± 4.1° and after 12 months of follow-up was -0.8° ± 5.0°. The mean preoperative hip-knee-ankle was 2.6° ± 6.2°. No significant correlation was found between postoperative patellar tilt and thickness and postoperative flexion (n.s.). CONCLUSIONS: Patellar tilt and thickness after TKA are factors that depend on the surgery. The resection of the patella can influence both patellar thickness and patellar tilt. By developing adequate surgical instruments, it would be possible to avoid the occurrence of an exaggerated patellar tilt or a major difference in patellar thickness. However, these two factors did not seem to influence the postoperative flexion in a high-flex design TKA, which can be seen as one of the most important outcome factors after TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
Authors:
Aad Alfons Maria Dhollander; David Bassens; Jan Victor; Peter Verdonk
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185 (2P5), 9000, Ghent, Belgium, aad.dhollander@ugent.be.
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