Document Detail


Passive smoking and thiocyanate concentrations in pregnant women and newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6700899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Serum thiocyanate concentrations have been used as a marker of cigarette exposure in both smokers and nonsmokers. The authors used this measure to estimate passive exposure in low-risk healthy pregnant women at term. Three groups were compared: smokers, passive smokers, and nonsmokers. The mean thiocyanate concentration (95 mumol/L) was significantly higher (P less than .001) in smokers than in passive smokers (35.9 mumol/L) or nonsmokers (32.3 mumol/L). The maternal and umbilical mean cord thiocyanate concentrations were similar in the smoking group (95 versus 72 mumol/L). Although the umbilical cord levels in the infants of passive smokers and nonsmokers were similar (26 versus 23 mumol/L), both levels were significantly lower than those of smokers. Most important, there was an inverse relationship between umbilical cord thiocyanate concentration and birth weight (P less than .001). The authors found no evidence that passive cigarette smoke exposure resulted in higher maternal or umbilical cord thiocyanate concentrations than found in nonsmokers.
Authors:
J C Hauth; J Hauth; R B Drawbaugh; L C Gilstrap; W P Pierson
Related Documents :
15481749 - African-american menthol and nonmenthol smokers: differences in smoking and cessation e...
24855149 - Methadone treatment for hiv prevention-feasibility, retention and predictors of attriti...
9269319 - Relationships between smoking habits, smoking-associated hematological changes, and uri...
7790529 - Effect of cigarette smoking on periodontal healing following gtr in infrabony defects. ...
24453469 - Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (haart) and menopause on risk of progres...
23790279 - From violence to sex work: agency, escaping violence, and hiv risk among establishment-...
7656469 - Sex hormones and rheumatoid arthritis: cause or effect relationships in a complex patho...
14704259 - False-positive 1-hour glucose challenge test and adverse perinatal outcomes.
12524219 - Hormone replacement therapy and risk of cardiovascular disease: implications of the res...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1984 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-04-26     Completed Date:  1984-04-26     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  519-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Birth Weight
Female
Fetal Blood / analysis
Humans
Infant, Newborn*
Pregnancy*
Risk
Smoking
Thiocyanates / blood*
Tobacco Smoke Pollution*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Thiocyanates; 0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy on outcome.
Next Document:  Clinical features of the reactive positive contraction stress test.