Document Detail


Passive smoking during the first year of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2053659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A description of passive smoking during the first year of life might assist planning preventive efforts. METHODS: Changes in the ecology of passive smoking were investigated in a sample of infants in central North Carolina followed from birth to one year of age. RESULTS: The prevalence of tobacco smoke absorption, indicated by excretion of cotinine, increased from 53 percent to 77 percent (95% CI of difference: 14, 35) during the first year of life. Most infants (92 percent) excreting cotinine at three weeks of age were also excreting it at one year. Moreover, 61 percent of infants not excreting cotinine at age three weeks were excreting it at one year. This increase reflected an increased exposure to household and, particularly, nonhousehold sources of smoke; the proportion of infants exposed to nonhousehold smokers increased from 14 percent to 36 percent. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that prevention of the onset of passive smoking should begin very early.
Authors:
R A Greenberg; K E Bauman; V J Strecher; L L Keyes; L H Glover; N J Haley; H C Stedman; F A Loda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  81     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-25     Completed Date:  1991-07-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  850-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7225.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cotinine / urine
Creatinine / urine
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
North Carolina / epidemiology
Parents / education
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Radioimmunoassay
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / analysis,  prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
28895//PHS HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine; 60-27-5/Creatinine
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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