Document Detail


Passive immunization for prevention of rotavirus illness in healthy infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8414797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infant formula supplemented with bovine antibody (BCIg) to human rotavirus has been reported to prevent or modify rotavirus infection and illness. The purpose of this field trial was to determine the safety and feasibility of passive immunization with bovine antibody for the prevention of rotavirus infection and illness in healthy infants. Sixty-four infants, 31 of whom received BCIg and 33 placebo, participated in the study. Rotavirus infection was detected in 11 (35%) and 14 (42%) infants in the 2 groups, respectively. Symptomatic rotavirus infection was documented in 1 (3%) of the infants receiving BCIg and in 6 (18%) of the infants who received the placebo (P > 0.05). The number of days with diarrhea/1000 days of observation was significantly less in the BCIg group, 4.2, than in the placebo group, 16.8 (P < 0.01). Similarly the number of days with rotavirus-associated diarrhea/1000 days was less in the BCIg group, 1.0, than in the placebo group, 13 (P < 0.01). This study establishes the feasibility of providing passive immunity for the prevention of rotavirus illness in healthy infants.
Authors:
R B Turner; D K Kelsey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Pediatric infectious disease journal     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0891-3668     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.     Publication Date:  1993 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-23     Completed Date:  1993-11-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701858     Medline TA:  Pediatr Infect Dis J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  718-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antibodies, Viral / therapeutic use*
Diarrhea, Infantile / prevention & control
Food, Fortified
Humans
Immunization, Passive*
Infant
Infant Food
Rotavirus / immunology*
Rotavirus Infections / prevention & control*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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