Document Detail


Passenger and cell phone conversations in simulated driving.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19102621     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were instructed to converse with a friend about past experiences in which their life was threatened. The results show that the number of driving errors was highest in the cell phone condition; in passenger conversations more references were made to traffic, and the production rate of the driver and the complexity of speech of both interlocutors dropped in response to an increase in the demand of the traffic. The results indicate that passenger conversations differ from cell phone conversations because the surrounding traffic not only becomes a topic of the conversation, helping driver and passenger to share situation awareness, but the driving condition also has a direct influence on the complexity of the conversation, thereby mitigating the potential negative effects of a conversation on driving.
Authors:
Frank A Drews; Monisha Pasupathi; David L Strayer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. Applied     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1076-898X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Appl     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-23     Completed Date:  2009-03-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9507618     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Appl     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  392-400     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. frank.drews@psych.utah.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Attention*
Automobile Driving / psychology*
Cellular Phone*
Computer Simulation*
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations*
Male
Middle Aged
Verbal Behavior
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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