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Partner-concurrency associated with herpes simplex virus 2 infection in young South Africans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23970590     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ObjectivesWhilst much is known about the individual-level risk factors for herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) infection, little is known about why only some populations develop generalized HSV-2 epidemics. This study aims to assess the extent to which partner-concurrency (a factor which operates at both the partnership- and network-level) may be responsible.MethodsWe utilized multivariate logistic regression to analyse the relationship between HSV-2 seropositivity and potential risk factors in data from a representative cross-sectional survey of 14-24 year olds from a township in South Africa conducted in 1999.ResultsThe overall prevalence of HSV-2 was 53.3% amongst women and 17% amongst men. For men, four factors remained significantly associated with HSV-2 infection in the multivariate regression analysis; total number of sex acts, being a migrant labourer, Zulu ethnicity and being human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive. For women, eight factors were associated with HSV-2 infection; increasing age, partner-concurrency (having a partner who had other partners), an older partner, total number of sex acts, using hormonal contraception, Xhosa ethnicity, syphilis seropositivity and being HIV positive.ConclusionPartner-concurrency is associated with increased HSV-2 seropositivity in women.
Authors:
Chris Kenyon; Robert Colebunders; Anne Buve; Niel Hens
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of STD & AIDS     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1758-1052     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J STD AIDS     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007917     Medline TA:  Int J STD AIDS     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
HIV/STD Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
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