Document Detail


Partner aggression and problem drinking across the lifespan: how much do they decline?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15921837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cross-sectional analyses from nationally-representative samples demonstrate significant age-related trends in partner aggression and problem drinking. Both behaviors are most prevalent in the early to mid-twenties and increasingly less common thereafter. Aggregate associations based on percentage of individuals displaying the behavior in each age range are dramatically stronger than those found when correlating individuals' ages and behavior. Multilevel modeling demonstrates that group-level effects do not mask associations found at the level of the individual for either problem drinking or partner aggression. An analysis of recent abstracts from psychology journals showed that issues of aggregate and individual data are rarely if ever discussed, and even well-known statistics books in psychology rarely discuss such issues. The interpretation of aggregate data will become increasing important as psychologists themselves, and in collaboration with epidemiologists and sociologists, have access to large data sets that allow for data aggregation. Both aggregate and individual analyses are valid, although they provide answers to different questions. Individual analyses are necessary for predicting individual behavior; aggregate analyses are useful in policy planning for large scale prevention and intervention. Strengths and limitations of cross-sectional community samples and aggregate data are also discussed.
Authors:
K Daniel O'Leary; Erica M Woodin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical psychology review     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0272-7358     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Psychol Rev     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-26     Completed Date:  2005-11-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111117     Medline TA:  Clin Psychol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  877-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Psychology Department, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, 11794-2500, USA. K.D.OLeary@sunysb.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Age Factors
Aged
Aggression / psychology*
Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Female
Health Policy
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Policy Making
Prevalence
Spouses / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH 57985/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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