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Participation in mindfulness-based stress reduction is not associated with reductions in emotional eating or uncontrolled eating.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22749177     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The adverse health effects and increasing prevalence of obesity in the United States make interventions for obesity a priority in health research. Diet-focused interventions generally do not result in lasting reductions in weight. Behavioral interventions that increase awareness of eating cues and satiety have been postulated to result in healthier eating habits. We hypothesized that participation in a program called mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) would positively influence the eating behaviors and nutritional intake of participants through changes in emotional eating (EE), uncontrolled eating (UE), and type and quantity of food consumed. Forty-eight veterans at a large urban Veterans Administration medical center were assessed before MBSR, after MBSR, and 4 months later. For all participants (N = 48), MBSR participation was not associated with significant changes in EE or UE. In addition, there were no significant differences in the intake of energy, fat, sugar, fruit, or vegetables at either follow-up time point as compared with baseline. Enhanced mindfulness skills and reduced depressive symptoms were seen over time with medium to large effect sizes. Changes in mindfulness skills were significantly and negatively correlated with changes in EE and UE over time. Overall, there was no evidence that participation in MBSR was associated with beneficial changes in eating through reductions in disinhibited eating or significant changes in dietary intake. Randomized studies are needed to further define the relationship between mindfulness program participation and eating behaviors.
Authors:
David J Kearney; Meredith L Milton; Carol A Malte; Kelly A McDermott; Michelle Martinez; Tracy L Simpson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-06-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1879-0739     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303331     Medline TA:  Nutr Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Wash; Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Wash.
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