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Participation of endogenous opioids in the antinociception induced by resistance exercise in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20802976     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exercise is a low-cost intervention that promotes health and contributes to the maintenance of the quality of life. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of different resistance exercise protocols on the nociceptive threshold of rats. Female Wistar rats were used to perform exercises in a weight-lifting exercise model. The following groups were examined (N = 6 per group): untrained rats (control group); an acute protocol group consisting of rats submitted to 15 sets of 15 repetitions of resistance exercise (acute group); rats exercised with 3 sets of 10 repetitions, three times per week for 12 weeks (trained group), and a group consisting of trained rats that were further submitted to the acute protocol (trained-acute group). The nociceptive threshold was measured by the paw-withdrawal test, in which the withdrawal threshold (escape reaction) was measured by an apparatus applying force to the plantar surface of the animal paw. The opioid antagonist naloxone (2 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously 10 min before the exercise protocols. The trained group demonstrated antinociception only up to day 45 of the 12-week training period. A significant increase (37%, P < 0.05) in the nociceptive threshold was produced immediately after exercise, decreasing to 15% after 15 min, when the acute exercise protocol was used. Naloxone reversed this effect. These data show that the acute resistance exercise protocol was effective in producing antinociception for 15 min. This antinociceptive effect is mediated by the activation of opioid receptors.
Authors:
G S Galdino; I D G Duarte; A C Perez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas médicas e biológicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofísica ... [et al.]     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1414-431X     ISO Abbreviation:  Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8112917     Medline TA:  Braz J Med Biol Res     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  906-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
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