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Partially hydrolyzed guar gum affects the expression of genes involved in host defense functions and cholesterol absorption in colonic mucosa of db/db male mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22798710     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biomedical evidence in the last 20 years has shown that the consumption of partially hydrolyzed guar gum may influence lipid and/or carbohydrate metabolism at many levels. Since intestine represents the first interface to interact with dietary partially hydrolyzed guar gum in vivo, we evaluated gene expression profiles in small intestinal mucosa of db/db mice fed with partially hydrolyzed guar gum in an effort to delineate its effect on the small intestine. DNA microarray and real-time PCR analyses were performed to evaluate the gene expression profiles in mice small intestinal mucosa. Among the 28,853 transcripts represented on the GeneChip® microarray, no more than 20 genes exhibited up- or down-regulation by 1.5-fold or more after four weeks following partially hydrolyzed guar gum consumption. No adverse effects were apparent. We detected up- or down-regulation of some genes known to be involved in host defense functions and cholesterol absorption.
Authors:
Zenta Yasukawa; Yuji Naito; Tomohisa Takagi; Katsura Mizushima; Makoto Tokunaga; Noriyuki Ishihara; Lekh R Juneja; Toshikazu Yoshikawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-12-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical biochemistry and nutrition     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1880-5086     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Biochem Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-16     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700907     Medline TA:  J Clin Biochem Nutr     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Nutrition Division, Taiyo Kagaku Co. Ltd., 1-3 Takaramachi, Yokkaichi 510-0844, Japan.
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