Document Detail

Partial liquid ventilation with small volumes of FC 3280 increases survival time in experimental ARDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9311485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to determine the prolonged effects of sequential doses of a highly purified perfluorocarbon (FC 3280) on gas exchange and survival time in experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The study was prospective, randomized and controlled. Twelve pigs (body weight 30 +/- 5 (mean +/- SD) kg) were surfactant-depleted by repetitive lung lavages, reducing arterial oxygen tension (Pa,O2) to 6.9 +/- 1.6 kPa (52 +/- 12 mmHg) (mean +/- SD) at an inspired oxygen fraction (Fi,O2) of 1.0. They were then randomized to receive partial liquid ventilation by sequential intratracheal application of 7.5 FC 3280 at 30 min intervals to a cumulative dose of 15 (treatment group), or to receive no further treatment (control group). Haemodynamics and gas exchange were assessed at 30 min intervals after instillation, and hourly afterwards in both groups until death. In the treatment group, Pa,O2 was 8.9 +/- 4.4 kPa (67 +/- 33 mmHg) after 7.5 FC 3280 and 14.1 +/- 9.9 kPa (106 +/- 74 mmHg) after 15 FC 3280 (NS). In the control group, gas exchange remained unchanged. Haemodynamics were stable in the treatment group and deteriorated in the control group. Peak airway pressures and dynamic compliance were not significantly affected in the treatment group. Mean survival time was 8.2 +/- 4.5 h in the treatment group and 1.8 +/- 1.4 h in the control group (p < 0.05). Upon histological examination, both study groups were not significantly different in total lung injury scores. We conclude that partial liquid ventilation with small volumes of FC 3280 provides improvement in gas exchange and increases survival time in experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome.
U Kaisers; M Max; J Walter; R Kuhlen; D Pappert; K Falke; R Rossaint
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-01     Completed Date:  1997-12-01     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1955-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Klinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin Virchow-Klinikum, Medizinische Fakultät der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Fluorocarbons / administration & dosage*
Lung / pathology
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Respiration, Artificial* / methods
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / mortality,  pathology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Respiratory Mechanics
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Eur Respir J. 1997 Sep;10(9):1937-9   [PMID:  9311481 ]

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