Document Detail


Paroxysmal choreoathetosis: report of five cases and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7355039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Paroxysmal choreoathetosis is a rare, involuntary movement disorder. Attacks occur spontaneously or may be induced by movement, startle, or anxiety. The movements are tonic, dystonic, or choreoathetotic. Sporadic and, more commonly, familial cases have been reported. Onset occurs most often during childhood, and the course is nonprogressive. Response to anticonvulsant therapy is usually excellent. Five cases of the sporadic form of paroxysmal choreoathetosis are reported. Three of the five patients had attacks after initiation of movements such as rising from a chair. Results of physical examination were normal in four patients. One child had mild hemiatrophy and unilateral hyper-reflexia. Results of laboratory studies, including determinations of serum calcium and ceruloplasmin levels, EEGs and CAT scans of the head, were normal. The attacks ceased in all patients after treatment with either phenytoin or carbamazepine.
Authors:
M Kinast; G Erenberg; A D Rothner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1980 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-04-25     Completed Date:  1980-04-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Athetosis / complications,  diagnosis,  drug therapy*
Calcium / blood
Carbamazepine / therapeutic use*
Ceruloplasmin / blood
Child
Chorea / complications,  diagnosis,  drug therapy*
Humans
Male
Neurologic Examination
Phenytoin / therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
298-46-4/Carbamazepine; 57-41-0/Phenytoin; 7440-70-2/Calcium; EC 1.16.3.1/Ceruloplasmin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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