Document Detail

Paroxysmal choreoathetosis: report of five cases and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7355039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Paroxysmal choreoathetosis is a rare, involuntary movement disorder. Attacks occur spontaneously or may be induced by movement, startle, or anxiety. The movements are tonic, dystonic, or choreoathetotic. Sporadic and, more commonly, familial cases have been reported. Onset occurs most often during childhood, and the course is nonprogressive. Response to anticonvulsant therapy is usually excellent. Five cases of the sporadic form of paroxysmal choreoathetosis are reported. Three of the five patients had attacks after initiation of movements such as rising from a chair. Results of physical examination were normal in four patients. One child had mild hemiatrophy and unilateral hyper-reflexia. Results of laboratory studies, including determinations of serum calcium and ceruloplasmin levels, EEGs and CAT scans of the head, were normal. The attacks ceased in all patients after treatment with either phenytoin or carbamazepine.
M Kinast; G Erenberg; A D Rothner
Related Documents :
7971589 - Surgical pathology of epilepsy: a review.
2897169 - A case of juvenile metachromatic leukodystrophy--the third case in japan.
9253489 - Perioral myoclonia with absences? a case report with eeg and voltage mapping analysis.
10618959 - Detection of an epileptic mirror focus after oral application of clonidine.
1739219 - Tonic status epilepticus: an unusual presentation of unresponsiveness.
18304879 - Transient suppression of seizures by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a ...
25250619 - A country on the verge of malaria elimination - the kingdom of saudi arabia.
8698909 - Generalized melanosis caused by melanoma of the rectum.
25386269 - Ulcerated cutaneous epithelioid hemangioendothelioma in an 8-month old infant.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1980 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-04-25     Completed Date:  1980-04-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Athetosis / complications,  diagnosis,  drug therapy*
Calcium / blood
Carbamazepine / therapeutic use*
Ceruloplasmin / blood
Chorea / complications,  diagnosis,  drug therapy*
Neurologic Examination
Phenytoin / therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:
298-46-4/Carbamazepine; 57-41-0/Phenytoin; 7440-70-2/Calcium; EC

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Psychosocial adjustment of latency-aged diabetics: determinants and relationship to control.
Next Document:  The conservative management of vesicoureteric reflux: a review of 121 children.