Document Detail


Parkin disease: a clinicopathologic entity?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23459986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
IMPORTANCE: Mutations in the gene encoding parkin (PARK2) are the most common cause of autosomal recessive juvenile-onset and young-onset parkinsonism. The few available detailed neuropathologic reports suggest that homozygous and compound heterozygous parkin mutations are characterized by severe substantia nigra pars compacta neuronal loss.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether parkin-linked parkinsonism is a different clinicopathologic entity to Parkinson disease (PD).
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We describe the clinical, genetic, and neuropathologic findings of 5 unrelated cases of parkin disease and compare them with 5 pathologically confirmed PD cases and 4 control subjects. The PD control cases and normal control subjects were matched first for age at death then disease duration (PD only) for comparison.
RESULTS: Presenting signs in the parkin disease cases were hand or leg tremor often combined with dystonia. Mean age at onset was 34 years; all cases were compound heterozygous for mutations of parkin. Freezing of gait, postural deformity, and motor fluctuations were common late features. No patients had any evidence of cognitive impairment or dementia. Neuronal counts in the substantia nigra pars compacta revealed that neuronal loss in the parkin cases was as severe as that seen in PD, but relative preservation of the dorsal tier was seen in comparison with PD (P = .04). Mild neuronal loss was identified in the locus coeruleus and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, but not in the nucleus basalis of Meynert, raphe nucleus, or other brain regions. Sparse Lewy bodies were identified in 2 cases (brainstem and cortex).
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: These findings support the notion that parkin disease is characterized by a more restricted morphologic abnormality than is found in PD, with predominantly ventral nigral degeneration and absent or rare Lewy bodies.
Authors:
Karen M Doherty; Laura Silveira-Moriyama; Laura Parkkinen; Daniel G Healy; Michael Farrell; Niccolo E Mencacci; Zeshan Ahmed; Francesca M Brett; John Hardy; Niall Quinn; Timothy J Counihan; Timothy Lynch; Zoe V Fox; Tamas Revesz; Andrew J Lees; Janice L Holton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA neurology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  2168-6157     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA Neurol     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-07     Completed Date:  2013-07-25     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101589536     Medline TA:  JAMA Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  571-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age of Onset
Brain / pathology*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Parkinsonian Disorders* / classification,  genetics,  pathology
Severity of Illness Index
Tissue Banks*
Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
089698//Wellcome Trust; MC_G1000735//Medical Research Council; //Medical Research Council; //Wellcome Trust
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 6.3.2.19/Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases; EC 6.3.2.19/parkin protein
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
JAMA Neurol. 2013 May;70(5):551-2   [PMID:  23459925 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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